|Myth, history and life in the Apulian pottery with red figures|
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The ceramic production begins in the last years of the 5th century B.C. in the cities of the Ionic coast: it meant to imitate the Greek production, broadly diffused in the 5th century in the Mediterranean area. The artisans of the colonies, probably apprentices of some important Greek ceramists, began manufacturing pottery, trying to imitate forms and decorations of Attic pots. Probably, the development of ceramics was based on the backing of a market that considered pottery as fundamental elements for the sacred and funerary sphere. Figured pots became therefore a representative element of some social hierarchies. In fact, the local area, that showed a great receptive ability of the product, did not assimilate passively the messages and models of ceramics, but tried to alter the production with particular applications, according to the evolution of some political and economic conditions of the aristocratic classes. Therefore, in the whole 4th century B.C., in relationship to the political events that marked this period, a production is delineated from the iconographical point of view. It can be distinguished in two groups: the narrative group and the representative group. In the first group, representations are depicted in order to contain mythological events (mythological abductions, Descent into Hades) in relationship with the literary production. This is not a considerable group. The representative group is more abundant in examples: in this group, the depicted scenes recall common situations (donations, coronations, symposia, weddings, fights): here, life prevails. In the second half of the 4th century B.C. the most renowned ceramists were the Painter of Darius, the Painter of Patera and the Painter of the Afterlife. They represented great figurative themes such as the Trojan War, the embassy of the Persians, the wars between Alexander the Great and Darius. The great figured pots, therefore, became elements to represent mythological, historical and common events.
Lippolis Enzo, I greci in Occidente: arte e artigianato in Magna Grecia, Napoli, 1996
Pugliese Carratelli Giovanni, I greci in Occidente: la tradizione filosofica, scientifica e letteraria: dalle collezioni della Biblioteca Marci, Venezia, 1996
Depalo Maria Rosaria, La collezione Loiudice, Bari, 1997