The tour itineraries
Encolpion - Leaning cross
|The tour is organized in the following sections: Palaeolithic (dedicated to the discovery of Altamura man), Prehistoric, Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic and Early Middle age.|
| Evidence range from the earliest belonging to the Palaeolithic age to the ones datable to the end of the first millennium a. D. like the Middle age outfits, thus representing a period of about 100,000 years, through which one can follow the fundamental phases of the ancient population that settled in the Murgia plateau.
The aim was to recreate, through objects, casts and reconstructions, the environment in which the most ancient man of this territory lived, that is the Altamura man.
The first villages of the Neolithic age with ceramic products, stone manufacture and the millstones, provide evidence of the lifestyle of the man, who was already able to dominate the nature at that time, as he produced its food and managed to tame animals.
| The Copper Age underlines, only through sepulchral evidence, new ways of life with innovative products like metals, as well as the beginning of the first relationships with Eastern cultures.
The foundation of the earliest cities, the relationships with the colonies of Great Greece and the local ceramic production are the main features of the Archaic age section, while in the classical-Hellenistic Section the magnificence and wealth of a city can be assessed; thanks to its appreciated (wool) products, it is inserted in the trading network that reached Taranto and the neighbouring centres.
The crisis of the last centuries of the empire is documented by the impoverishment of ceramic products, the absence of luxury products and most of all by the depopulation of the inhabited centres in favour of the formation of farms and country houses. There is little evidence belonging to the first centuries of the empire, but from the 5th century a.D. this territory becomes the point of reference of the earliest Christian communities. Some important examples are represented by the baptistery and the most ancient golden cross of the territory.
AA.VV., Il Museo Nazionale Archeologico di Altamura, Roma 2002
F. Radina – D. Venturo, Preistoria del cibo. Alle Origini del Pane, Bari 2006